Israel Hasbarah Committee

Conscience and Courage: Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust by Eva Fogelman

IHC Book Review by Gary Selikow

Conscience and Courage is about the people who, at great risk to themselves and their families, helped Jews to escape from the Nazis.

It focuses on such courageous individuals as Stefania Podgorska Buzminska , a Polish teenage girl who hid 13 Jews in her home; Alexander Roslan , a dealer in the black market who kept uprooting his family to shelter three Jewish children in his care, Joop Westerweel who presided over a network in the Netherlands that smuggled Jewish children to safety; diplomats such as Sampo Sugihara, Japanese consul based in Kovno, Lithuania, Aristide De Sousa Mendes, the Portuguese Consul General in Bourdieux, France and of course Raoul Wallenberg, whose efforts saved thousands of Jews from extermination. It also covers the stories of such well known rescuers as Oskar Schindler and Miep Gies.

This book not only focuses on the stories of these brave individuals, but also explores why they acted as they did, and how their efforts and its results affected them both during and after the war.

Many people chose to help out of moral reasons or out of love for their charges. Others where professionals had the skills and tools to help, and others were children who from an early age where involved in the rescue efforts of their parents. Some rescuers worked alone and others worked in networks.

These stories are being re-examined at a time when some, like Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad deny the Holocaust happened-while working to carry out a real holocaust against the Jews , while others forget history and aim to dismantle the Jewish State, built to a large extent by Holocaust survivors.