By Amiram Barkat

Prince Philip, the husband of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, was 12 years old when he encountered anti-Semitism for the first time. It was at a private school in southern Germany, where he began to study in 1933. A few boys attacked an older Jewish student who had been assigned to assist Philip and the other new boys, and shaved his head.

“Nothing could have given us a clearer indication of the meaning of persecution,” he related 60 years later. “It so happened that I had played cricket for my school in England, and I still had my cricket cap with me. I offered it to our helper, and I was pleased to see that he wore it.”