WARSAW, Poland

Poland’s president on Wednesday honored more than 50 people who saved Jews in Poland during the darkest days of the Nazi Holocaust, including the German officer who helped musician Wladyslaw Szpilman of “The Pianist” survive.

President Lech Kaczynski, who has long been an advocate of close relations with the Jewish community, clasped red-ribboned medals around the necks of 31 Poles who saved Jews during the World War II Nazi occupation. Twelve more people were honored but unable to attend, and 10 received an award posthumously, including the German officer.