Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk on Wednesday heard one of the most welcome declarations that any Polish leader since World War II has heard from a Jewish leader. President Shimon Peres told the visiting Tusk that he represents something new in the new Poland – “new hopes and new expectations.”

But more than that, Peres in recalling the symbiotic relationship between Poles and Jews for the best part of a thousand years, said that even though that relationship was not always rosy, the Poles allowed Jewish culture to flourish, and allowed Jews to live and pray in their own language.