Irishman William Joyce, better known as Lord Haw Haw, was a Nazi propagandist in WWII. The nickname “Lord Haw Haw” was coined by a British radio reviewer in 1939.

Yesterday, the BBC made 15 Lord Haw Haw podcasts available on its Internet archive. The BBC also made available 11 previously unreleased documents.

Born in the United States to British and Irish parents, Joyce was raised in Ireland and is alleged to have informed on the IRA to British soldiers during the Anglo- Irish war.

A report by the BBC in 1940 tell us: “A typical nine o’clock BBC news bulletin is listened throughout by 16 million adults, or over 50 percent of the listening public. If it is followed by a talk, this will be heard by nine million. Of the other seven million, six million switch over to Hamburg (Lord Haw Haw’s show) .”

The BBC discovered that Joyce was more popular with wealthy listeners and males. The BBC said that a “less politically minded listener” was more likely to listen to his broadcasts.

Radio Hamburg was established by the Germans at the beginning of WWII, and it was used to demoralize British soldiers and its strained workforce.

The BBC eventually improved its service and used lighthearted comedy to draw listeners away from Lord Haw Haw’s scaremongering.

Joyce was captured by British soldiers on the German/Danish border at the end of the war. He held a British passport and was tried for treason. Joyce was hanged in Wandsworth jail in January 1946.