Annually, it is repeated in the contemporary media how “Bulgaria became the only Nazi-allied country in World War II to protect its entire Jewish population” or that “Bulgaria saved all of its Jews from the death camps.” While ultimately members of the Bulgarian government, the Bulgarian public, and the Bulgarian Orthodox Church did in fact take laudable actions which halted the deportation of 50,000 Jews from “Old” Bulgaria to German death camps in Poland, there is no reason why the Bulgarian government should not discuss the 13,000 Jews they dispossessed, imprisoned, and deported from their own land of “United” or “New” Bulgaria. Here are the facts. On March 1, 1941, Bulgaria entered into a pact with the Axis powers and participated in the German-led attack on Yugoslavia and Greece. As a reward from Adolf Hitler, Bulgaria received most of the Balkan area known as Thrace and Macedonia. Stating that Thrace and Macedonia were their ancient Bulgarian lands, they proudly declared the territory “United” or “New Bulgaria” and, within one month, initiated a national campaign of Bulgarization which ended with Bulgaria deporting all of the areas 13,000 Jews, who were subsequently exterminated at the Treblinka death camp in German-occupied Poland.The Jewish communities of Yugoslavian Thrace and Greek Macedonia were made up of Spanish-speaking Jews, descendants of refugees expelled from Spain in 1492. These Jews lived and thrived for many centuries among the Turks of the Ottoman Empire. In the early twentieth century, Bulgaria secured Ottoman recognition of her independence, as did parts of Greece that were populated with Spanish Jews. The Spanish Jews living within Hellenistic borders became Greek citizens soon after. After four hundred years of living in the Balkans, the regional Sephardic Jews went through a paradigm shift which politically transformed Spanish speaking “Turkish Jews” into Spanish speaking “Greek Jews.”