TUCSON, Ariz., – Hitler’s personal physician didn’t start out as a monster, observes Lee Hieb, M.D. Like Karl Brandt, she is an orthopedic surgeon. Brandt may be the only person sentenced to death by both sides after World War II, Hieb writes in the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons (www.jpands.org/vol16no1/hieb.pdf). When he repented of his association with Hitler, the Nazis arrested him and gave him a death sentence. Then the Allies tried him at Nuremburg, and hanged him for war crimes.Because he saved the life of a member of Hitler’s inner circle when he was injured in an automobile crash, Brandt came to Hitler’s attention. Besides serving as Hitler’s personal surgeon, Brandt frequently visited the war zones and operated on wounded soldiers.The destruction of hospitals by the Allies’ bombing raids imperiled the survival of injured soldiers as well as civilians. Brandt found that psychiatric hospitals, generally located in the countryside, were relatively undamaged. Faced with a choice of feeding soldiers or chronic schizophrenics, the government shunted resources to the productive.Rather than watch their patients slowly starve to death, medical directors asked for permission to carry out “mercy killings.” As head of the medical system, Brandt signed the program authorization.”Euthanasia morphed into a nightmarish killing machine,” writes Hieb. Less well known, she observes, is the conclusion of the allied prosecutors after the Doctors Trial, as summed up by Leo Alexander: The fault of the German doctors (he had once been one of them) was not that they were intrinsically evil, but that they worked for the government.Read more: U.S. Must Learn from Nazi Doctor, says Association of American Physicians and Surgeons