As the membership of Germany’s main nationalist party, the NPD, shrinks, right-wing extremists are flocking to the Autonomous Nationalists, who refuse to participate in elections and are known for using violence. Right-wing extremists are split among several factions that cultivate different images in the public sphere and often compete against one another. The National Democratic Party (NPD) participates in regional and national elections and has tried to make inroads with Germany’s middle class by focusing on hot-button issues such as immigration, unemployment and social welfare. With strong roots in the formerly communist and comparatively poor East Germany, the NPD has managed to seat representatives in the regional parliaments of Saxony and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.