BERLIN — Germany on Wednesday marked the 73rd anniversary of the Nazi pogrom that paved the way to the Holocaust with solemn ceremonies throughout the country and the opening of a new synagogue. The Kristallnacht pogrom saw Nazi thugs plunder Jewish businesses throughout Germany, torch about 300 synagogues and round up some 30,000 Jewish men for deportation to concentration camps. Chancellor Angela Merkel called November 9, 1938 a “day of shame”. “Germans hunted Germans because they were Jews.”