Images of ultra-Orthodox Jews dressing up as Nazi concentration camp inmates during a protest drew widespread condemnation Sunday and added a new twist to a simmering battle over growing extremism inside Israel’s insular ultra-Orthodox community. Religious extremists are facing increasing criticism for their efforts to separate men and women in public spaces, and Saturday night’s protest, in which a child mimicked an iconic photo of a terrified Jewish boy in the Warsaw Ghetto, added to the outrage. Thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews gathered in Jerusalem to protest what they say is a nationwide campaign directed against their lifestyle.