Mateusz Morawiecki says absolving German nation, people of genocide of European Jews serves to ‘relativize evil’

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks at a commemoration event at the former Nazi concentration and extermination camp, Auschwitz, on International Holocaust Remembrance Day in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019.(AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks at a commemoration event at the former Nazi concentration and extermination camp, Auschwitz, on International Holocaust Remembrance Day in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019.(AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)

OSWIECIM, Poland — Hitler’s Germany was responsible for the Holocaust, and the Nazis were not, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said Sunday, as Poland marked 74 years since the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp.

“Hitler’s Germany fed on fascist ideology… But all the evil came from this (German) state and we cannot forget that, because otherwise, we relativize evil,” said Morawiecki, at an official ceremony at Auschwitz.

“I want to make a promise here to (preserve) the complete truth about that era,” he added, in a speech in the southern city of Oswiecim to mark Holocaust Memorial Day.

Sunday’s ceremony at Auschwitz was attended by a number of former prisoners at the camp.

Former prisoners lay a wreath at the Death Wall marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of former German Nazi death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, in Oswiecim, Poland, on January 27, 2019. (Janek SKARZYNSKI / AFP)

Morawiecki’s speech comes after last year’s row over a Polish law that made it illegal to accuse the Polish nation or state of complicity in Nazi German crimes.

After protests from Israel and the US, Poland amended the law to remove the possibility of fines or a prison sentence.

Morawiecki appeared to be responding to an idea often mentioned in Poland, which claims that historians try to attribute responsibility for the genocide of Jews exclusively to the Nazis, without recalling the role played by the German state and Germans as a nation.

Auschwitz-Birkenau was set up by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland. With one million Jews killed there between 1940 to 1945, the camp has become a symbol of Nazi Germany’s genocide of the European Jews.

A group of children wearing concentration camp uniforms behind barbed wire fencing in the Oswiecim (Auschwitz) Nazi concentration camp, photographed just after the liberation by the Soviet army, in January 1945. (AP Photo/ File)

More than 100,000 other people including non-Jewish Poles, Roma, Soviet prisoners of war and anti-Nazi resistance fighters also perished there.

Last February, Morawiecki had to defend himself against criticism from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu who denounced “unacceptable” comments he made about the Holocaust.

Morawiecki’s office insisted that he has repeatedly opposed Holocaust denial and anti-Semitism in all its forms.