VOA: Survivors demand resolution from Russia on Wallenberg hero

Holocaust Survivors Campaign for Russia to Disclose Fate of World War II Hero Raoul Wallenberg
By Carolyn Weaver
New York
07 August 2009

Raoul Wallenberg, who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews in 1944
Swedish humanitarian worker Raoul Wallenberg is credited with saving tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews from deportation to Nazi concentration camps during World War II. But after Soviet troops took control of Budapest in 1945, he was arrested and never seen or heard from again.

On what would have been his 97th birthday, August 4, the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation brought together survivors rescued by Wallenberg to renew the call for Russian officials to unseal the record of his fate.


afp: Pope hails heroism of Warsaw uprising, 65 years on

Italy, Aug 2, 2009 (AFP) – Pope Benedict XVI hailed on Sunday the heroism of those who took part in the Warsaw uprising to liberate the Polish capital from Nazi occupation 65 years ago.

Speaking in Polish, the German pope paid tribute to “all Poles” after his weekly Angelus prayer at his summer residence in Castel Gandolfo near Rome.

“From the heroism of the those who took part in the uprising and the strength of the nation, was born a free Poland,” he declared.

“The sacrifice of their lives has brought the fruits of peace and prosperity for your nation. God bless Poland and each one of you.”

In Warsaw on Saturday, thousands of Poles, many of them World War II veterans, commemorated the uprising which broke out on August 1 1944 against the Nazi occupation.

AP: Fate of Holocaust institute teeters amid dispute


HAARETZ: Holocaust survivor gets PhD for thesis on roots of Auschwitz

By Cnaan Liphshiz, Haaretz Correspondent

At the ripe age of 81, a Holocaust survivor from Haifa has received a PhD for a thesis showing how Auschwitz-Birkenau began as a camp for coerced laborers working for a mismanaged Nazi industrial project.

“My life never had much of a linear or logical course,” Eliezer Schwartz said when asked why he decided to enter academia so late in the game.

Before he began researching the Nazi concentration and extermination camp in Poland, Schwartz worked for many years as project head and urban planner for Solel Boneh, the Israeli construction giant.

When Schwartz retired at 75, his three grandchildren advised him to write a doctoral thesis, which he wrote with pen and paper. “Computer skills are a bit much for me now,” he said




The Baltic nations have embarked on a state-financed international initiative which seeks to cover up their role in the Holocaust by falsely equating Nazism with Communism, the founder of the Yiddish program at Vilnius University said this week.

“There is a state-sponsored genocide industry at work which seeks to mitigate the Holocaust and replace it with a model of two equal genocides,” said Professor Dovid Katz in an interview with The Jerusalem Post.

The remarks came amid a recent strain in relations between Israel and Lithuania over the latter’s investigations of Jewish Holocaust survivors, including a former Yad Vashem chairman, over their wartime activities as partisans.



BERLIN (JTA) — The German soldier whose acts of defiance in helping Jews was made famous in “The Pianist” was honored posthumously in Berlin.

Wilhelm Hosenfeld, who died in 1952 in a Soviet prison, was honored Friday in ceremonies hosted by the Israeli Embassy and Jewish Museum. Three of his five children attended the presentation of the Righteous Among the Nations award from Yad Vashem, Israel’s Holocaust memorial.

The Roman Polansky film about the dramatic survival in hiding of Waldislaw Szpilman in Nazi-occupied Warsaw spotlighted Hosenfeld’s heroism. Szpilman’s son, Andrej, who was at the ceremony, still speaks with amazement about Hosenfeld’s defiance of the authorities.

“It was winter, minus 20 degrees, and he discovered my father in hiding and helped him,” Szpilman said.

Hosenfeld, a Wehrmacht soldier, also provided false identity papers and a job to Leon Warm, a Jewish man who had escaped a deportation train to Treblinka.

Based on testimony from the two men, Hosenfeld was recognized last November by Yad Vashem.

Although Hosenfeld had joined the Nazi Party in 1935, he soon became deeply critical of the regime and its treatment of the Jews and Poles. Following the brutal suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, he wrote in his diary that the “horrible mass murder of the Jews” would end up being the downfall of the Nazi regime.

Hosenfeld kept his treasonous diary with him at all times, finally mailing it home to Germany.

Andrej Szpilman, a doctor in Poland, recalled that a patient once reported that his “neighbor was in the Soviet prison with Hosenfeld on the Volga River. And he did not like [Hosenfeld] because he helped Jews.”

Some rescuers have never been recognized, Szpilman noted, because they are still afraid to talk openly about what they did.


CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Higher Ed and the Third Reich

A new book examines American colleges

Haaretz: Yad Vashem adds photos of French victims to archives

Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, signed a cooperation agreement with Memorial de la Shoah in Paris yesterday that provides the Israeli institution with photographs of many of France’s Holocaust victims.

The agreement will enable Yad Vashem and the French Shoah Memorial – the largest research and information center in Europe dealing with the history of the Jews’ genocide – to gather documents jointly and exchange copies of documents accumulated in each other’s archives over the past 50 years.